handlooms, jacquard fabrics, jacquard loom, woven fabrics

Weaving: History and A Walkthrough

Weaving history and a walkthrough featured image

There is historical evidence that weaving looms existed as long as 4000 years ago.

During this period, each civilization had its own version of hand-operated looms.

It was 1100 AD in England, the first weavers craft guild was created.

It was done to support the craft which was happening inside homes.

A lady weaving fabrics on a handloom

This pattern, with minor advances, stayed for a couple of centuries until the industrial revolution in the 1700s.

The first major breakthrough in weaving happened in 1733 when John Kay invented the flying shuttle.

This replaced the need to manually throwing the shuttle through the warp yarns.

This was the beginning of the modern-day weaving factories.

Image of flying shuttle used in weaving machine

Then in 1804, Joseph Marie Jacquard invented the jacquard loom, which revolutionized and paved the way for weaving unlimited possibilities of pattern making.

Jacquard the inventor of jacquard loom

This is regarded as the most important weaving invention in history.

The machine is controlled by a chain of cards.

Multiple rows of holes were punched, with one complete card representing an entire row of the design.

Just like in the image given below.

Chain of cards on a jacquard loom

Original jacquard loom in exhibition

In 1837, Lucius J and Francis B Knowles developed the first upright loom powered by a steam engine.

The design was patented in the year 1856.

This resulted in producing higher-quality fabrics at a very high rate.

By the end of the industrial revolution, 90% of all weaving looms in America were automated.

Picture of a modern textile industry

In the last hundred years, significant developments have been there in the weaving process, especially the shuttles.

This continued to improve the production quality and quantity.

Now woven fabrics are a part of the trillion-dollar economy where apparels, home furnishing, and industrial fabrics play a major role.

Thus making weaving the most applied form of fabrication.



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